Sunday, April 26, 2015

Novel polarization

Novel polarization forms promise to radically increase data speeds
New technique allows data transmitted on a single laser beam to be scaled to terabits or even petabits
April 26, 2015

Manipulating the polarization of light into novel shapes that carry additional data (credit: CCNY)

As the world’s exponentially growing demand for digital data slows down the Internet and cell phone communication, City College of New York researchers may have just figured out a dramatic new way to increase transmission speed.

“Conventional methods of data transmission [that] use light … are being exhausted by data-hungry technologies, such as smart phones and cloud computing,” said Giovanni Milione, a PhD student under City College Distinguished Professor of Science and Engineering Robert Alfano, who led the pioneering experiment conducted at the University of Southern California with collaborators from Corning Incorporated, Scotland, Italy and Canada.

“So we came up with an unconventional method.”

Unusual polarization shapes

Using special devices called “q-plates,” the researchers manipulated a laser beam’s polarization (orientation) into novel shapes, some of which Milione referred to as “radial” and “azimuthal.” “While light’s polarization (linear and circular) is used for many modern technologies, such as, 3D television, its shape is often left untouched,” he said.

The researchers showed that each shape could carry an additional data stream. While the researchers used only four shapes, in principle, the number that can be used is unlimited. “The amount of data that can be transmitted on a single laser beam can be scaled to terabits or even petabits,” said Alfano.

“This technology is potentially compatible with building to building communication (such as in NYC) or even between Google data centers.”

Their research, supported in part by DARPA, the Army Research Office, and Corning Incorporated, appears in an upcoming issue of the journal Optics Letters.

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